How to Clone Step-by-Step (DIY)

Last week we explained some of the purposes of cloning and discussed some of the pros and cons. Today we’re going to share the process with you step-by-step. To start you’ll need a few things. A “mother” plant to clone, a knife or razer, a pair of scissors, some cloning gel or powder, a rockwool cube (or soil), and some water.


Anywhere you look you’re going to find slightly different techniques with different results but in every method the first step is the same. USE A HEALTHY PLANT. We can’t stress enough the importance of a happy “mother” plant. If you use a plant already under stress or suffering from a fungal or pest problem you’re clone will either grow up with the same or die. Don’t waste your time, be conscious of your plant of choice.


Alright! Second step is to prep your equipment. You’ll want to sterilize your knife and scissors to give your plant the best chance at success. At this point you’ll also want to soak your starter cube in water at a pH level of 5.5.


The spot to chop is one with a new top and new branching. Cut just below on a 45-degree angle. Your clone should be about 2 – 4 inches tall. Branches lower on the plant will typically have more rooting hormones and a better chance of survival so take from lower when you can but anywhere on the plant has the potential to work.


Although not everyone does this, we highly recommend shaving or splitting the bottom in order to expose more raw stem. New roots will typically only sprout from raw stem so the exposed raw means there is a larger surface area for new roots to spring from, promoting faster rooting.


Always dip a new cutting into your rooting or ‘cloning’ gel immediately after cutting to seal off the raw area from air bubbles and give your plant the necessary nutrients in order to begin the rooting process.


After this trim off any nodes or lower leaves and trim about one-third off of the tip of the remaining leaves in order to help the plant preserve energy. This allows it to focus less on photosynthesis (turning light into food) and exert more energy on rooting.


After this you’re nearly done! Put the trimming into your starter cube and press in the top and bottom to keep air out. If you have a humidity dome, automatic cloner or something similar this is where you would put it now in order to guarantee your best chance at success. Otherwise you’ll want to recreate similar conditions to springtime in order to sustain your clone.


Next week we’ll delve a little deeper into the upkeep of your plant and what “recreating springtime” means for it. We’ll also help you through the transition stages of moving your plant from rockwool to soil. Happy cloning!


In the images provided we cloned a limequat. We’ll post more photos of it’s progress over the next few weeks.

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